By definition, tendonitis is an inflammation of a tendon. A tendon is the structure through which a muscle inserts into the bone, thus leading to the movement of the joints. The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body. So it depends a lot on the balance of the muscles that make it move. The shoulder has four tendons around the head of the humerus and to the set of these tendons we call the rotator cuff. Between the supraspinous muscle and the acromion bone there is a pouch to reduce friction (subacromial pouch). This sac and tendon of the supraspinous muscle, together with the long portion of the biceps, are the structures most involved in inflammatory processes.
Causes of tendinitis
The causes of tendinitis are manifold. We can divide them into intrinsic causes and extrinsic causes:
- Genetic alterations;
- Anatomical differences;
- Changes in posture;
- Presence of calcifications (calcified tendinopathy).
- Intensive computer use;
- Work with arms above the plane of the shoulder blades;
- The practice of physical exercise in an inadequate or excessively intensive way;
- Intensive transport of weights with the upper limbs.
From causes to symptoms
All these factors lead to a change in muscle balance which, in turn, leads to the onset of symptoms. These can appear in three different ways:
- The most common form is the onset of minor pains when performing certain movements, such as picking up an object from the back seat of the car, putting on a seat belt or wearing a jacket. These pains can progressively get worse and night pain begins to arise which prevents sleep or makes it harder to fall asleep.You can find orthopedic pillow to help solve this problem.
- Another form of presentation is a very intense pain with no apparent cause, which wakes us up at night and does not tolerate any mobilization.
- The third form is a conjugation of the previous two. It covers people who have perfectly tolerable pain in some activities, do not seek treatment and one day have an extremely painful episode.
It is very important that when the symptoms manifest, ask for help. If the chart allows it, you should avoid painful movements while waiting for a specialty consultation. If you have very severe and severe pain, you may need to call a Permanent Call Center to discuss it, and then refer you for a consultation.
How to treat
The treatment goes through the control of pain and inflammation but, above all, the recovery of the balance between the various muscle groups with the help of physical therapy to prevent the recurrence.
How To Prevent Tendonitis
In the office there must be a correct ergonomic office chair of the work place that guarantees a correct height of the desk, the support of the forearms next to the keyboard, the placement of the mouse in order to operate it with the elbow next to the trunk, a correct height of the screen And running regular intervals are key.
In sporting activity it is necessary to work on the posture and to keep the coifera muscles of the rotators that control the functioning of the shoulder strengthened and coordinated (ask for help in the gym).
Listen to your shoulder!
At the first signs, and according to the intensity of the complaints, seek help and, if necessary, temporarily reduce your activities. And remember, “If you do not stop by yourself, your shoulder will stop you.”